# bit and qubit

Bit and qubit are fundamental units of information in the context of classical and quantum computing, respectively.

**Bit (Binary Digit):**- In classical computing, information is processed and stored in bits.
- A bit can exist in one of two states: 0 or 1.
- It is the smallest unit of data and forms the basis for classical computation.

**Qubit (Quantum Bit):**- In quantum computing, information is processed and stored in qubits.
- Unlike classical bits, qubits can exist in multiple states simultaneously due to the principles of superposition. This allows quantum computers to perform certain calculations much faster than classical computers for certain problems.
- Qubits also exhibit entanglement, which means the state of one qubit can be dependent on the state of another, regardless of the physical distance between them.
- Quantum computers leverage the principles of superposition and entanglement to perform parallel computations, making them potentially powerful for specific types of computations like factoring large numbers, optimization problems, and simulating quantum systems.