# Pseudo Random Sequence

A pseudo-random sequence is a sequence of numbers that appears to be random but is generated by a deterministic algorithm. The term "pseudo-random" is used because the sequence is not truly random, as it is generated by a finite set of instructions. The key characteristic of a good pseudo-random sequence is that it should exhibit statistical properties similar to those of a truly random sequence.

Here's a technical explanation of how pseudo-random sequences are generated:

**Seed**: The process typically begins with a seed value. The seed is an initial value used to initialize the pseudo-random number generator (PRNG). The choice of the seed determines the entire sequence of pseudo-random numbers.**Initialization**: The seed is used to initialize the internal state of the PRNG algorithm. The internal state is a set of variables that is updated during the generation of each pseudo-random number.**Algorithm**: A deterministic algorithm is applied to the internal state to produce the next pseudo-random number in the sequence. The algorithm is designed to be computationally efficient and to exhibit properties that make the resulting sequence statistically similar to a truly random sequence.**Updating Internal State**: After generating a pseudo-random number, the internal state is updated based on a mathematical formula or set of rules. This step is crucial for ensuring that subsequent numbers in the sequence are not easily predictable.**Output**: The generated pseudo-random number is the output of the PRNG and can be used for various applications such as simulations, cryptography, or any other scenario where randomness is required.

It's important to note that the pseudo-random sequence is entirely determined by the initial seed and the algorithm used. If you know the seed and the algorithm, you can reproduce the entire sequence. This determinism can be an advantage in certain applications where reproducibility is important.

Common PRNG algorithms include Linear Congruential Generators (LCGs), Mersenne Twister, and XORshift, among others. Cryptographically secure pseudo-random number generators (CSPRNGs) are designed to be resistant to certain types of attacks and are used in security-sensitive applications. They typically require a more complex algorithm and may be slower than non-cryptographic PRNGs.