What is re-platforming, and how does it differ from re-hosting in cloud migration?

Re-platforming and re-hosting are two distinct approaches to cloud migration, each with its own set of technical implications. Let's delve into each concept to understand them in detail:

Re-hosting (Lift and Shift):

Re-hosting, often referred to as "lift and shift," involves migrating an application or system from an on-premises environment to the cloud without making significant changes to its architecture or code. This approach is characterized by minimal modifications, focusing on replicating the existing infrastructure in the cloud.

Technical Details:

  1. Virtualization and Infrastructure Migration:
    • Existing virtual machines (VMs) are lifted from the on-premises environment.
    • These VMs are then moved to the cloud platform without significant modifications.
  2. Networking:
    • Replicating the existing network configuration in the cloud.
    • IP addresses, subnets, and network policies are often preserved.
  3. Storage:
    • Migrating storage configurations, such as disks and file systems, as they are to the cloud.
    • Adaptations may be necessary for cloud-specific storage services.
  4. Data Migration:
    • Transferring databases and data to cloud storage or managed database services with minimal changes.


  • Quick migration with minimal downtime.
  • Low upfront investment and effort.


  • Might not fully leverage cloud-native features.
  • Cost savings and performance improvements may be limited.


Re-platforming involves making some modifications to an application during migration to take advantage of specific cloud services and optimizations. This approach goes beyond simple lift and shift by adapting the application to better align with the capabilities and best practices of the target cloud platform.

Technical Details:

  1. Application Modification:
    • Adapting the application to use cloud-native features like managed databases, serverless computing, or containerization.
    • Code may need to be optimized for the chosen cloud services.
  2. Database Optimization:
    • Migrating databases to cloud-managed services for improved scalability and performance.
    • Adjusting database schemas and queries for optimal cloud performance.
  3. Integration with Cloud Services:
    • Integrating with additional cloud services for enhanced functionality (e.g., AI/ML services, monitoring, logging).
  4. Scaling and Elasticity:
    • Implementing auto-scaling and leveraging cloud infrastructure for dynamic resource allocation.


  • Better utilization of cloud services, leading to potential cost savings and improved performance.
  • Increased scalability, flexibility, and agility.


  • Requires more effort and planning compared to re-hosting.
  • Downtime may be longer due to application modifications.

Key Differences:

  • Scope of Changes:
    • Re-hosting minimizes changes, focusing on a straightforward migration.
    • Re-platforming involves more significant modifications to optimize for cloud-native capabilities.
  • Complexity and Effort:
    • Re-hosting is less complex and requires less effort.
    • Re-platforming demands more planning, resources, and time.
  • Benefits:
    • Re-hosting provides quick migration with minimal disruption.
    • Re-platforming offers better performance, scalability, and cost optimization.